A research group from the University of North Carolina, headed by Dr. Bradley Gaynes, assisted by Joanne DeVeaugh-Geiss, conducted a study of 650 patients at the UNC Family Practice Clinic. This study confirmed the validity of the M3 Checklist as a diagnostic tool, utilizing the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as a standard.
M3 engages patients by highlighting behavioral health symptoms that indicated a mood or anxiety disorder. Clinicians use the M3 results, the accompanying risk assessment and patient discussion as the basis for formulating a diagnosis and treatment plan. M3 is not designed to diagnose illness on its own and in cases where a final diagnosis is unclear, referral to a specialist is recommended.